Root canal treatment is also called as an endodontic treatment, which is usually performed by an endodontist. Endodontists are dentists who are specialized in teeth maintenance with the help of endodontic therapy. If you are looking to get your tooth checked by an endodontist in Hamilton, the best endodontist would be Dr. Christopher Sims from Century Stone Dental.
Most people refrain from getting it done though the dentist advised them to do it because of fear. Being aware of the advantages of the root canal will be a lifesaver, which is explained in http://www.aae.org/patients/treatments-and-procedures/root-canals/root-canals.aspx.
Root Canal is usually done when the root is infected. The bulged part, which is contaminated, is taken off and the interior of the teeth is cleaned and made without infection. The next step is to block up the hole and is covered with a stretchable material. The final step would be filling it with a cap for extra protection. If the tooth is already cracked, then there is no other option than removing the teeth completely.
Now let us see the stepwise procedure on how to cure them.
Anesthesia is given locally through injections to desensitize the tooth and the areas surrounding them. You need not be scared whether it would pain during a root canal. If the infection has gone deep inside, then it may take a while to get numb, but your doctor will surely wait for it to happen.
A smooth layer of rubber or similar material is kept on top of the infected area and the teeth next to it. The main reason for this kind of dam is to prevent the teeth, which isn’t affected by any damage. The barrier helps the root canal treatment to happen in a hygienic environment free from any contaminants.
A small hole is made on the top of the teeth if it is a molar and from the backside for a front tooth.
The worn out tissues are removed with the instruments, which are specially designed for that purpose. The entire process happens with no pain due to anesthetic numbness. Few people feel a tickling sensation or feel something is going on in their mouth, but can’t exactly feel it. When the removal is done, the nerves underneath the teeth are also removed.
The canal can be completely cleared out of infection with the help of antiseptic and anti-contagious lotions. There are specific instruments used to shape the canals. Once they are shaped the root canal can be filled appropriately.
The fillings for root canals are selected in such a way that it will perfectly fit into the canals like a thermoplastic material. A filling which stays forever or just for the time being, is used to cover the hole.
Once the entire procedure is over an antibiotic is given to avoid further infections.
As a last step filling or a cap has to be put to bring back the tooth to its original shape and structure. The Endodontist who was taking care of all these steps sends you back to a dentist to get that fixed.